Auteur : Taylor & Rancis Books, Inc
la langue : en
Date de sortie : 2004-07-04
Resembling a large-scale comprehensive building design, an encyclopedia necessitates the collaborative efforts of countless individuals and may take considerable time to complete. It seems long ago that Fitzroy Dearborn Publishers invited me to edit a twovolume encyclopedia about 20th-century architecture. In 1998, I was teaching the history of architecture in a landmark 1890s Richardsonian Romanesque building at Lake Forest College, a small liberal arts college north of Chicago. Immersed in interdisciplinary studies, I was working alongside many architectural historians at the end of the century to endorse what Spiro Kostof termed “a broader, more embracing view of the built environment.” To that end, I was soon conferring with editors to propose various organizational and thematic strategies for a comprehensive reference work. Recognizing that architecture and its debates had occupied broad popular interest, the Fitzroy editors held a keen belief that well-educated general readers, scholars, teachers, and professionals alike would benefit from an encyclopedia that explained far more about 20th-century architecture than the conventional group of famous buildings and architects. Following the careful selection of a diverse and highly qualified board of advisors, editors and specialists vigorously discussed lists of proposed topics sufficient in number and importance to justify a third volume. I wish to thank editors, advisors, and many contributors for their valuable insights and recommendations. At Lake Forest College, I wish to thank Professor Ann Roberts and Art Department colleagues for a productive teaching and research environment, as well as friends from numerous departments for their keen support as this project was launched. Thank you to the students enrolled in “Global Architecture and Urbanism,” where we pursued the topics of this encyclopedia, considering why contributors flocked to the ranch house or fled from modernism. On the completion of final edits to the Introduction of the Encyclopedia of 20t h-cen tury Architectu re in the spring of 2003, I continue to teach the history of architecture, but now in a national historic landmark, S.R.Crown Hall, designed by Ludwig Mies van der Rohe to hold the College of Architecture on the Illinois Institute of Technology campus. Begun in a massive building of load-bearing stone walls, the encyclopedia has been finished in this light-filled structure of steel, glass, and concrete. In the very last editorial stages, I benefited by virtue of being surrounded by inspired teachers and architects and an international student body whose engagement with the built environment taught me the genuine meaning of global. I wish to thank Dean Donna Robertson and the entire faculty for the opportunity to work in a space to which Mies referred as “a home for ideas and adventure.” The Encyclopedia of 20th-century Architectu re’s chief aim is to capture the significance of a century of global architectural practice and production. Seeking to be far-reaching and inclusive, the encyclopedia has been shaped in its contents to emphasize the diversity and complexity of 20th-century architecture. The difficult and lengthy selection process provoked useful debate; it has been my intention to preserve this diversity of perspective in the published volumes. For their consistent support and reliable participation, I would like to thank the following persons who graciously and diligently served as the board of advisors on this project. Their widely regarded expertise, varied perspectives, and most generous efforts provided the Encyclopedia of 20th-centu ry Arch itecture with a widespread and critical range of entries and themes. They include Diana Agrest (Agrest and Gandelsonas Architects, New York City), Nezar AlSayyad (University of California, Berkeley), Eve Blau (Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts), Robert Bruegmann (University of Illinois at Chicago), William Brumfield (Tulane University, New Orleans, Louisiana), Jeffrey Cody (Chinese University of Hong Kong), Nnamdi Elleh (University of Cincinnati, Ohio), Stephen Fox (Rice University, Houston, Texas), Kenneth Frampton (Columbia University, New York City), Diane Ghirardo (University of Southern California, Los Angeles), Michael Graves (Michael Graves and Associates, Princeton, New Jersey), Renata Holod (University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania), Steven Izenour (deceased, Venturi, Scott Brown, and Associates, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania), Richard Longstreth (George Washington University, Washington, D.C.), Christian F.Otto (Cornell University, Ithaca, New York), Michele Picard (Montreal, Quebec), Franz Schulze (Lake Forest College, Lake Forest, Illinois), Denise Scott Brown (Venturi, Scott Brown, and Associates, Philadelphia), Helen Searing (Smith College, Northhampton, Massachusetts), Joseph Siry (Wesleyan University, Middletown, Connecticut), Martha Thorne (curator, Department of Architecture, The Art Institute of Chicago), and Dell Upton (University of California, Berkeley). Their spirited advice resolved numerous questions about contents and organization, they recruited qualified and articulate contributors from around the world, and several advisors asked to write important entries. In addition, I would like to thank the many individuals who assisted in the early portion of research and editing while the project was under the auspices of Fitzroy Dearborn Publishers in Chicago. Under the wise and enthusiastic guidance of editor Paul Schellinger, commissioning editors Chris Hudson and Lorraine Murray were enormously helpful in administering the database, communicating with authors, and directing the editing cycle. Copyeditor Bruce Owens compiled hundreds of references. From the start, the Fitzroy Dearborn staff truly gave the project its consistency, scope, and form. In addition, I wish to give special thanks to Emily Urban, a Richter Scholar and publishing intern from Lake Forest College, who wrote dozens of capsule biographies as well as proofread manuscripts under the guidance of Fitzroy editors. The published table of contents, as predicted, varies from the very first list sent out to hundreds of contributors. At a time when the 20th century seems somewhat distant, a fiveyear editorial process has inevitably called for adjustments, to the benefit of the project. With all parts in place, and following numerous editorial stages, I am profoundly grateful to each contributor for their commitment, generosity, critical thinking, and imagination as they met and surpassed the challenges posed by this ambitious project. Authors have given their entries remarkable depth and scope, ensuring that this Encyclopedia of 2 0th-centu ry Architectu re has met its charge to be international, interdisciplinary, and inclusive. On behalf of the editors and contributors, I trust that the project—for its inclusions and exclusions—will stimulate innovative approaches and provoke constructive debate. Finally, and with deep appreciation for their collective precision and grace under unrelenting pressure to publish, I wish to offer my thanks to the Routledge team of professionals who brought this project to its outstanding conclusion. From unpacking boxes in New York to editing hundreds of manuscripts, the Routledge editors tirelessly made their experience and wisdom available at a crucial moment of conversion from one publisher to another. Years of writing and editing would have perished without the Routledge editors. These include the Sponsoring Editor Marie-Claire Antoine, Development Editor Lynn M.Somers-Davis, Senior Production Editor Jeanne Shu, Editorial Assistant Mary Funchion, Development Director Kate Aker, and Publishing Director Sylvia Miller. Their enthusiasm for this project and commitment to seeing it through, despite the difficulties of transition, is truly appreciated. In closing, I wish to offer praise and heartfelt gratitude to my three lifelong muses and amusers, Ann Jordahl, Brianna Sennott, and Hille Sennott, for their inspiration and constant delight in our shared world of words and images. Carry on. R.STEPHEN SENNOTT
Auteur : Académie des Sciences d'Outre-Mer - BONNICHON Philippe, GENY Pierre et NEMO Jean (sous la direction de)
la langue : fr
Éditeur: KARTHALA Editions
Date de sortie : 2012-11-27
Cahier photos de 16 pages. L’Académie des sciences d’outre-mer est un établissement public, sous tutelle du ministère de l’Enseignement supérieur et de la Recherche. Elle a été fondée sous le nom d’Académie des sciences coloniales en 1922 et réunit des spécialistes des pays d’au-delà des mers qui y ont pour la plupart vécu et travaillé. Ses fondateurs, notamment, furent Paul Bourdarie, Paul Doumer, Albert Lebrun, Auguste Pavie, le maréchal Louis Hubert Lyautey... Devenue en 1957 Académie des sciences d’outre-mer, elle réunit aujourd’hui des experts et des personnalités aux compétences variées. Nous pouvons évoquer parmi les membres qui l’ont illustrée les docteurs Eugène Jamot, Alexandre Yersin, le maréchal Leclerc, Robert Cornevin, Jacques Soustelle, Théodore Monod, Pierre Messmer. Elle a pour mission d’étudier les questions relatives à ces pays, sous leurs aspects scientifiques, politiques, économiques, techniques, historiques, géographiques, sociaux et culturels. Le présent ouvrage apporte le témoignage de cette connaissance et de ces travaux, et ce dans l’esprit de sa devise « Savoir, Comprendre, Respecter, Aimer ». Le tome I est consacré à l’histoire, depuis le XVIe siècle jusqu’à nos jours, des différentes modalités selon lesquelles la France et les Français se sont rendus présents outre-mer, hors d’Europe. Ces présences françaises sont exposées selon trois périodes historiques (XVIe siècle-début du XIXe ; XIXe siècle-1ère moitié du XXe ; années 1950-1960 jusqu’à nos jours) et selon les régions du monde où elles se sont manifestées. Il s’agit d’un ouvrage collectif entrepris par l’Académie conformément à ses missions. Sans pouvoir être exhaustif, il vise à préciser pour le lecteur, un cadre et les actions multiformes qui marquent certaines spécificités de notre pays dans l’histoire mondiale. Le tome II aborde le déroulement dans le temps des présences françaises selon une approche thématique centrée sur les sciences et technologies, la religion et la culture. Ces volumes ont été élaborés par une commission qui s’est réunie régulièrement pendant près de six ans, rendant compte à l’Académie de l’avancement progressif de ses travaux. Cette commission a été animée par son président Philippe Bonnichon, par le secrétaire perpétuel de l’Académie Pierre Gény, et par son coordinateur Jean Nemo.
Auteur : Gauvin Alexander Bailey
la langue : en
Éditeur: McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP
Date de sortie : 2018-06-06
Spanning from the West African coast to the Canadian prairies and south to Louisiana, the Caribbean, and Guiana, France’s Atlantic empire was one of the largest political entities in the Western Hemisphere. Yet despite France's status as a nation at the forefront of architecture and the structures and designs from this period that still remain, its colonial building program has never been considered on a hemispheric scale. Drawing from hundreds of plans, drawings, photographic field surveys, and extensive archival sources, Architecture and Urbanism in the French Atlantic Empire focuses on the French state’s and the Catholic Church’s ideals and motivations for their urban and architectural projects in the Americas. In vibrant detail, Gauvin Alexander Bailey recreates a world that has been largely destroyed by wars, natural disasters, and fires – from Cap-François (now Cap-Haïtien), which once boasted palaces in the styles of Louis XV and formal gardens patterned after Versailles, to failed utopian cities like Kourou in Guiana. Vividly illustrated with examples of grand buildings, churches, and gardens, as well as simple houses and cottages, this volume also brings to life the architects who built these structures, not only French military engineers and white civilian builders, but also the free people of colour and slaves who contributed so much to the tropical colonies. Taking readers on a historical tour through the striking landmarks of the French colonial landscape, Architecture and Urbanism in the French Atlantic Empire presents a sweeping panorama of an entire hemisphere of architecture and its legacy.
Auteur : David Marley
la langue : en
Date de sortie : 2005
With rare maps, prints, and photographs, this unique volume explores the dramatic history of the Americas through the birth and development of the hemisphere's great cities.