Auteur : Général de Division Armand Augustin Louis de Caulaincourt, Duc de Vincence
la langue : en
Éditeur: Pickle Partners Publishing
Date de sortie : 2013-02-18
« Caulaincourt n’avait cessé sous l’Empire de prendre des notes chaque jour au bivouac ou dans le cabinet de Tuileries. Il se serait décidé à les mettre en forme entre 1822 et 1825. L’énorme documentation réunie quotiennement explique la valeur du témoignage du duc de Vicence... le récit ne commence qu’à l’entrevue d’Erfurt. Il se poursuit avec la campagne de Russie et la retraite. C’est dans les chapitres VII-VIII et XI [ « En traîneau avec l’Empereur » ] souvent réédites que l’on dispose d’un document de premier ordre sur l’état d’esprit de Napoléon après le désastre de 1812. Quittant la Grande Armée, l’Empereur voyage en la seule compagnie de Caulaincourt de Smorgoni à Paris. Pendant ce long voyage, Napoléon se confie au Grand Ecuyer avec d’autant plus de franchise qu’il ignore que Caulaincourt prend des notes. « Puis Caulaincourt narre les péripéties de Congrès de Châtillon et y justifie son attitude. On notera d’importants développements sur l’entrée des Alliés à Paris, l’attitude de Napoléon, la défection de Marmont, l’abdication et la tentative de suicide de l’Empereur. Les mémoires s’arrêtent aux « Adieux de Fontainebleau » p 33 - Professeur Jean Tulard, Bibliographie Critique Des Mémoires Sur Le Consulat Et L'Empire, Droz, Genève, 1971 Tome II – Moscou, La Retraite, En Traîneau Avec l’Empereur, L’Arrivée à Paris
Auteur : Armand-Louis-Augustin de Caulaincourt
la langue : fr
Éditeur: Editions des Equateurs
Date de sortie : 2013-10-01
Ce dernier tome des Mémoires de Caulaincourt couvre la fin de l'époque napoléonienne. Il s'ouvre sur le congrès de Châtillon en 1814 où les royautés alliées européennes tentent de faire signer un traité de paix à Napoléon. Se soldant sur un échec, les troupes allemandes, autrichiennes envahissent la France et Paris. Caulaincourt, fidèle parmi les fidèles, accomplit plusieurs missions secrètes et diplomatiques pour l'Empereur. Les généraux font défection les uns après les autres, Caulaincourt reste à Paris pour défendre l'honneur impérial. Malgré la très belle campagne de France, Napoléon est obligé de rendre les armes. Il tente de se suicider. Caulaincourt le sauve. Napoléon signe son abdication à Fontainebleau et c'est Caulaincourt qui transmet cet acte historique aux ennemis. Napoléon part en exil à l'île d'Elbe. C'est le volume le plus tragique, le plus poignant des Mémoires de Caulaincourt. C'est un soleil couchant, une tragédie dans laquelle on voit un Napoléon décidé à se battre jusqu'au bout, refusant l'idée de la défaite, puissant l'énergie ultime pour sauver ce qui n'est plus sauvable.
Auteur : Munro Price
la langue : en
Éditeur: Oxford University Press
Date de sortie : 2014-08-04
On April 20, 1814, after a dizzying series of battles, campaigns, and diplomatic intrigues, a defeated Napoleon Bonaparte made his farewell speech to the Old Guard in the courtyard of the Chateau de Fontainebleau and set off for exile on the island of Elba. Napoleonic legend asserts that the Emperor was brought down by foreign powers determined to destroy him and discredit his achievements, with the aid of highly placed domestic traitors. Others argue that once Napoleon's military defeats began in 1812, his fall became inevitable. But in fact, as Munro Price shows in this brilliant new book, Napoleon's fall could have been avoided altogether. Exploring a critical and often neglected period of Napoleonic history between 1812 and 1814, Napoleon: The End of Glory offers a more complete picture of the Emperor's decline and fall than any previous work. Price analyzes the political, military, and diplomatic events of the period, from Napoleon's disastrous invasion of Russia in 1812 to the multiple failed attempts by Austria to broker peace. He illuminates the dynamic relationships between Napoleon and the wily Austrian foreign minister Metternich-whose desire for equilibrium within the European states system clashed with Napoleon's unshakeable belief in hegemony and subjection-and the charming and enigmatic Alexander I of Russia. And he explores the lasting impact of the bloody Terror of the French Revolution on Napoleon's decisions once he came to power. Rejecting the assumption that defeat was unavoidable, Price considers instead why Napoleon failed to explore a compromise peace that could have allowed him to keep his crown, arguing that the answer to this question has powerful implications for our understanding of the Napoleonic wars. Ultimately, Price provides a convincing portrait of the Emperor's decline, exposing his blindness, intransigence and miscalculations; his preference for war and his declining ability to wage it; and his nearly pathological fear of a dishonorable peace. A deeply researched study of the moment of a great man's fall, Napoleon: The End of Glory forces us to reconsider Napoleon's character, motives, and the reasons for his spectacular failure.
Auteur : Bruno Colson
la langue : en
Éditeur: OUP Oxford
Date de sortie : 2015-05-14
This is the book on war that Napoleon never had the time or the will to complete. In exile on the island of Saint-Helena, the deposed Emperor of the French mused about a great treatise on the art of war, but in the end changed his mind and ordered the destruction of the materials he had collected for the volume. Thus was lost what would have been one of the most interesting and important books on the art of war ever written, by one of the most famous and successful military leaders of all time. In the two centuries since, several attempts have been made to gather together some of Napoleon's 'military maxims', with varying degrees of success. But not until now has there been a systematic attempt to put Napoleon's thinking on war and strategy into a single authoritative volume, reflecting both the full spectrum of his thinking on these matters as well as the almost unparalleled range of his military experience, from heavy cavalry charges in the plains of Russia or Saxony to counter-insurgency operations in Egypt or Spain. To gather the material for this book, military historian Bruno Colson spent years researching Napoleon's correspondence and other writings, including a painstaking examination of perhaps the single most interesting source for his thinking about war: the copy-book of General Bertrand, the Emperor's most trusted companion on Saint-Helena, in which he unearthed a Napoleonic definition of strategy which is published here for the first time. The huge amount of material brought together for this ground-breaking volume has been carefully organized to follow the framework of Carl von Clausewitz's classic On War, allowing a fascinating comparison between Napoleon's ideas and those of his great Prussian interpreter and adversary, and highlighting the intriguing similarities between these two founders of modern strategic thinking.
Auteur : Paul Britten Austen
la langue : en
Éditeur: Frontline Books
Date de sortie : 2012-12-03
At the gates of Moscow, Napoleon's Grand Army prepares to enter in triumphal procession. But what it finds is a city abandoned by its inhabitants save only the men who emerge to fan the flames as incendiary fuses hidden throughout the empty buildings of Moscow set the city alight. For three days Moscow burned, while looters dodged the fires to plunder and pillage. And so begins 1812: Napoleon in Moscow, Paul Britten Austin's atmospheric second volume in his acclaimed trilogy on Napoleons catastrophic invasion of Russia. After the fires died down the army settled in the ruins of Moscow; for five weeks Napoleon waited at the Kremlin, expecting his 'brother the Tsar' in St Petersburg to capitulate and make peace, while in fact the Russian Army was gathering its strength. At the same time Murat's cavalry, the advance guard, was encamped in dreadful conditions three days' march away at Winkowo, where it was being starved to death. When Napoleon eventually realized the futility of his plans and prepared to leave Moscow, his advance guard was surprised by a Russian attack. The most astounding exodus in modern times ensued. 1812: Napoleon in Moscow follows on from the brilliant 1812: The March on Moscow, which took Napoleon's army across Europe to the great city. Paul Britten Austin brings this next phase of the epic campaign to life with characteristic verve. Drawing on hundreds of eyewitness accounts by French and allied soldiers of Napoleon's army, this brilliant study recreates this disastrous military campaign in all its death and glory.